1. Out of Bounds : defined by white stakes or fences.
  2. Water Hazards : defined by yellow stakes.
    Lateral Water Hazards : defined by red stakes.
  3. Hole 4: the water at the left of the green is deemed to extend to infinity.
  4. Environmentally-Sensitive Areas (E.S.A.) : defined by blue stakes with green tops. Play prohibited.
  5. Ground Under Repair : defined by blue stakes or white lines.
    Blue stakes : play prohibited.
    Winter greens : are considered ground under repair. Play prohibited.
  6. Obstructions :
  • Stones in bunkers are movable obstructions (R.24-1).
  • Artificially-surfaced paths (gravel, seashells, grass pavers, railway-sleepers) are immovable obstructions (R.24-2).
  • Staked trees : if such a tree interferes with a player’s stance or area of his intended swing, the ball must be lifted, without penalty, and dropped in accordance with the procedure prescribed in R.24-2b.
  • Sprinkler heads : If a ball lies off the putting green but not in a hazard and such an obstruction on or within two club-lengths of the putting green and within two club-lengths of the ball intervenes on the line of play between the ball and the hole, the player may take relief as follows: the ball must be lifted and dropped at the nearest point to where the ball lay that
    (a) is not nearer the hole,
    (b) avoids intervention and
    (c) is not in a hazard or on a putting green.
    The ball may be cleaned when lifted.


See ad valvas whether any temporary local rule applies.

Penalty for breach of a local rule :

Match play : loss of hole
Stroke play : two strokes

Other Information

Pin positions
see scorecard (colour is indicated at the start)

Distance markers
blue = 50 m. to front of green
red = 100 m. to front of green
yellow = 150 m. to front of green
white = 200 m. to front of green